4th UK Postgraduate Bioethics Conference (2009, June 23, Belfast)


I gave one of the keynotes here titled Bioart as Bioethics. Here are some shots and notes from the event.

Can we owe ourselves a duty to die? Sinead O’Brien, Manchester University whether right to life do we have a right to die as and when we see fit?

Deal with adult human beings Capable of valuing own life Intrinsic value

Owing duty to ourselves

Kant – duties – in every moral duty, no matter to whom it is owed, individual chooses being bound – so, free to relinquish oneself

We can only owe this duty to ourselves

Only individual can decide whether life is so burdensome as to constitute a harm

Only we can know if our lives have sunk below an acceptable level

Beyond Mill’s Harm Principle: the Case of Abortion Gareth Williams University of Leicester

Mill’s harm principle Ambiguity of term ‘harm’

The Profession of Medicine in a Target Driven Culture Michael Trimble

What are the implications of a target driven healthcare syst for prof of medicine and ethical basis of medical practice?

What makes a good doctor? Mark Campbell

Bioethics has narrow focus on action guidance Need something broader to take into account moral agency Only then can moral philosophy answer q of what makes a good doctor

Mark.campbell@kcl.ac.uk

Embodying Bioethics Maragret Shildrick

10-11 September, anomalous bodies: visibility and ageing

‘Naked on the Inside’:  (discussion about the film)

phd in poststructuralist bodies

concerns about bodies of limits- conjoined twins – disability

concern to make sure bioethics does what it says on the tin -    ethics of the body

rather than set of rules or principles

look at bioethics through theory, but want to embody theory

bioethics is out of touch, metaphorically and literally

how bring to bear postmodernism on bioethics

in west, we see body as container, self lives in we are also obsessed with our bodies: shape, weight, age,

Descartes – mind and body split

Ross Diprowe (?) -    absence of body in bioethics

turn back to body in lots of feminist theory

insistence that can’t see self and body as separate – I am my body

currently looking at heart transplantation – how do recipient’s feel about themselves

people who recover best are those who do not make the split

people who see themselves as separate do not progress well after 3yrs

Naked on the Inside’ -    6 extraordinary people from around the world

I think that the people in this film have never given up the idea of the split

Story of Rick -  Has breast cancer – she opts out of conventional medical treatment – would be seen as a conscious moral agent

Breakdown of binaries forces us to re-think all that rely on them

Convention acts as though is distinction between health and disease is questionable

Dave Toole, Leeds – disability dancer

Private Practice and Bioethics – television as a medium for public bioethical education Audrey Dillon

Medical Drama -    52% Americans received health info they believed to be accurate from TV shows -    TV can change atts and behaves -    Soap operas often used in developing countries a a public health intervention to promote certain behaviours -    Measurable impact of behv change -    ER study – shows increase in awareness of issues -    People who regularly watch ER have

Kaiser Foundation -    Grey’s Anatomy -    Transmission of HIV -    Doctor emphasizes 98% chance of healthy baby – couple don't have abortion -    Surveyed around 4000 people -    Episode watched by 17.5million people -    46% absorbed the HIV-related info

George Annas -    he prepared bioethical content for ER and Chicago Hope -    tv series good way to tell issues

“Reel Medicine vs Real Medicine’ -    selective entertainment, not comprehensive education o    Annas 1995 Sex, Money and Bioethics, HCR

Private Practice -    Medical drama, produced by ABC -    Spinoff of Grey’s Anatomy -    Reasonable TV ranking in USA -    Aim of show: to deal with ethics (according to ABC)

Research on PP -    watched 30 episodes -    identify stories with ethical issues and see processes of ethical decision making -    total of 68 stories

ref: Volandes , medical ethics on film

Using Literature to Teach Bioethics Melissa Stobie MLStobie@gmail.com

70% of personal morals stay the same after ethics courses also evidence that ability to act on declined

JM Coetzee – the lives of animals

Finoola

McGee v Attorney General (1974) Recognized a constitutional right to privacy

Article 40.3.3 -    right to life of unborn

MR v TR and Others (2006) -    3 frozen embryos